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    中國灌溉管理改革40年的回顧與展望

    發布日期:2020-08-04 信息來源:經管學院 瀏覽次數: 字號:[ ]

    題目:中國灌溉管理改革40年的回顧與展望

    時間:2020年8月4日(周二)16:00-17:30

    地點:騰訊會議 357 347 336

    匯報人:北京大學現代農學院 王金霞教授

    主持人:孟婷

    報告摘要:本報告主要目的是回顧我國灌溉管理改革40年的發展歷程、取得的主要成效及存在的主要問題,由此提出今后進一步的改革展望。報告不僅會回顧地下水灌溉系統產權制度變革的驅動因素及其對農業生產和地下水位的影響,而且也將分析地表水灌溉系統管理制度變遷取得的主要成效及存在的主要問題。最后,報告也將回顧節水技術采用的現狀及影響因素、農業水價政策改革和水權制度建設等成效與挑戰,最后報告基于最新的水管理策略提出今后的改革展望。

    This study overviews China’s forty-year irrigation development, transformation of the institutional and incentive structures in irrigation management. After rural reforms in the 1970s, irrigation investments slowed until the late 1990s. In North China, farmers became major investors in groundwater irrigation, leading to property rights’ transfer of tubewells from collective to private ownership. Despite positive effects in cropping patterns, farmer income, and development of groundwater markets, privatization has accelerated groundwater table deterioration. Since the middle of 1990s, Water User Associations have replaced village collective management of surface irrigation. This trend reached most provinces by early 2001 with mixed results—only institutions with water saving incentives could realize efficient irrigation. The government is reforming water prices policies to provide water saving incentives to farmers while not hurting their income. While China has focused on water rights and markets, and despite regulations and pilot projects, full implementation of water rights has been slow. Research reveals greater policy scope for expanding irrigation technologies that generate real water saving to rural areas. Under pressures of water scarcity and food security, further effective reforms in irrigation and policy incentives thereof are expected. The government has also initiated some pilot projects to resolve increasing water scarcity problems through adjusting agricultural production activities. 

    報告人簡介:王金霞,北京大學現代農學院教授、北京大學中國農業政策研究中心副主任,北京大學新農村發展研究院副院長,北京大學“博雅特聘教授”,國家自然科學基金“杰出青年”獲得者,中國科學院“百人計劃”入選者。主要研究領域包括水資源管理、制度與政策、氣候變化影響與適應、農村環境政策。被世行、聯合國開發計劃署、英國發展部等多家國內外機構聘期為咨詢專家。主持和參加了40多項國內外合作項目;在國內外學術刊物上公開發表學術論文190多篇,出版中英文專著6部;20多個政策報告被國辦、中辦及相關部委等采納。

    本次學術講座是農業資源經濟與政策創新團隊系列活動,熱烈歡迎廣大老師和同學們參與討論! 

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